Read Aerospace Engineering at the University of Manchester (MEng), a Diploma in Management (DipMan) and has submitted for an Engineering Doctorate, both at UMIST, Manchester and sponsored by BAE SYSTEMS. His research interests include the application of novel concepts in practical commercial settings. This has ranged from automatic flight simulation testing schemes for Sonda Aviation  and flow separation detection using neural networks  through to the understanding and design of commercial emergent organisations. He has published five scientific papers and several articles promoting his area of research interests. In 2005 the author was asked to co-chair an as yet unformed IEEE committee to explore “Emergence and Complexity in Industrial Informatics”.